Author(s):

  • Lora E. Burke,
  • Susan M. Sereika,
  • Bambang Parmanto,
  • Zhadyra Bizhanova,
  • Jacob K. Kariuki,
  • Jessica Cheng,
  • Britney Beatrice,
  • India Loar,
  • I Wayan Pulantara,
  • Yuhan Wang,
  • Maribel Cedillo,
  • Molly B Conroy

Abstract:

Objective

This study aimed to test the efficacy of self-monitoring and feedback (SM+FB) versus SM without FB (SM) in a behavioral weight-loss intervention at 6 months.

Methods

This was a randomized clinical trial. Eligibility criteria included the following: ≥18 years of age, BMI ≥ 27 and ≤43, smartphone user, and ability to engage in moderate physical activity. All participants received a 90-minute 1:1 counseling session, a Fitbit Charge 2, and a digital scale for SM. SM+FB participants were provided access to a customized smartphone application that provided three daily FB messages. The primary outcome was percentage of weight change from 0 to 6 months.

Results

The sample (N = 502) was 45 (SD 14.4) years old, BMI was 33.7 (SD 4.00) kg/m2, 79.5% of participants were female (n = 399), and 84.3% were White (n = 423). At 6 months, there was 85.86% retention and a significant percentage of weight change in both groups (SM+FB: −3.16%, 95% CI: −3.85% to −2.47%, p < 0.0001; SM: −3.20%, 95% CI: −3.86% to −2.54%, p < 0.0001) but no significant between-group mean difference (−0.04%, 95% CI: −0.99% to 0.91%, p = 0.940). A ≥5% weight loss was achieved by 31.9% of the SM+FB group and 28.3% of the SM group.

Conclusions

There was no significant between-group difference in weight loss at 6 months.

Documentation:

https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.23321

The SELF Institute